Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Life of Red Lionfish

Life of Sea | Red Lion Fish (Pterois volitans) | Red Lionfish is also called Red Firefish, Turkeyfish or Zebrafish. They are a poisonous coral reef fishes. You can find them near and offshore coral and rocky reefs to a depth of 50 meters. Red Lionfish was originally the western Pacific Ocean (from southern Japan and South Korea to the east coast of Australia, Indonesia, Micronesia and French Polynesia) and South Pacific (from Western Australia to the Marquesas and Oeno in the Pitcairn Islands ). The species has recently been observed and collected from the East Coast of Florida north to Long Island, New York.

 
Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:     Actinopterygii
Order:     Scorpaeniformes
Family:     Scorpaenidae
Subfamily:     Pteroinae
Genus:     Pterois
Species:     P. volitans


Red Lionfish is ringed with several red and white stripes that give the fish its alternative common name "zebra". The expanded fan-like pectoral and dorsal spines long separation explain the alternative common name "Turkey fish". Fleshy tabs around the mouth and above the eyes are another characteristic feature of the species. The Red Lionfish is greatly elongated dorsal fin spines. The membranes of all fins are often spotted. The body is white or cream-colored red to reddish brown vertical stripes. The vertical stripes alternate from wide to very thin.

 
The long dorsal fin and pectoral spines of Red Lionfish are toxic, the poison is produced by glands in grooves in the spines covering integument. The spines are used by both the Lionfish predator deterrence and to prey capture easier. The Red Lionfish is a solitary predator. They eat small fish, shrimp and crabs. Adults can grow as large as 17 inches (43 cm) in length, while young people may be shorter than 1 inch (2.5 cm). They can be up to 10 years.

Red Lionfish is very attractive from sea animals. They are aggressive predators. Although lionfish can be spectacular to watch, it's also deadly. The fins have spines that are as sharp as needles they use to inject a powerful poison in their predators. The lionfish is considered one of the most poisonous fish in the world. 

 
They have stinging spines and their fins are poisonous. They are known to stun their prey and this angle with their spines. Then the prey is swallowed whole by the lionfish. The Lionfish is a slow swimmer can perform quick movements. These movements are useful in catching prey. The lion takes a pose fanned out when it sees a predator approaching. So everything that dares to come close, they will inject the poison of their long spines.
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