Life of Sea | Harp Seal (Pagophilus groenlandicus) | Harp seal or Saddleback is a species of earless seal from the North Atlantic and parts of the Arctic Ocean. It now belongs to the monotypic genus Pagophilus. Harp seals live in the Arctic near Greenland. Unless the baby seals they live in the water. It is warmer than on the ice. Farthest from Greenland harp seals have been observed, Nova Scotia, Virginia and France. In each case only one seal was observed.The scientific name, Pagophilus groenlandicus, means "lover-ice of Greenland." Harp seals are beautiful as pups. It is the beauty that is within them hunters kill many white coats a year.
A baby Harp seal has white fur. The baby helpless his and the white coat helps camouflaging against the ice and the snow. When the babies grow their pure white coat turns to a dark gray waterproof leather. Babies get a lot of bacon in this way. Adults also have blubber. The Harp seal's head seems a bit long, broad and flattened. The long muzzle tapers slightly, and in adults, may appear reversed. The eyes are close set and there is a slight depression on the forehead. The fins are relatively small. The fore flippers are slightly pointed and angular, with a short row of digit endings, the claws are strong and dark. The adult pattern is complex and varied. The basis color is silver-white to light gray. Initially,
the harp of the adult pattern appears as a faint shadow of what it will
be, if the seals move to the "old harp" pattern. It
consists of large and irregularly shaped bands with jagged edges
starting at the pelvis, down to each side that connect to rise and dip
on the shoulders. Seen from above, the pattern resembles a large irregular "V" with curved arms. The head of the adult is a shade: the face, chin, neck and upper top of the head are black. This hood has also frayed edges. Black marks may also occur if the insertions of the hind flippers.
Harp seals in adult coat is likely to be confused with any other animal. The silver-white body, decorated with a conspicuous black harp pattern and hood, is unique. However,
the "bedlamer" and "spotted harp" patterns are more generic and pose
some possibility of confusion with the harbor, ringed, gray and hooded
seals that share their range. The irregular spots of the "bedlamer" and "spotted harp" phases are generally of lower density, and randomly scattered throughout the body. Common seals tend to be more spots and markings dorsally than ventrally, and are usually counter shaded. Harp seal not the rings that ringed seals characterize.Hooded and gray seals are much larger as adults and have characteristic heads with larger or unique properties. Hooded seals have a larger head with a wider muzzle at all ages. Young hooded seals be strikingly dark, blue-gray above and lighter gray below drupal shaded, and have no stains. Adult Harp seal seals are large, with medium to large irregular patches over the body, and dark, sooty faces and foreflippers. Grey
seals are also large, heaw-Iooking animals at all ages with a
proportionately large heads and a large snout, which is long and wide,
often with a curved bridge. Harp seal missed spots, have a very close mystacial vibrissae, tires have rounded ends of their foreflippers.
Harp sealss eat a lot of different seafood. Crab,
krill, crustations, capelin, plaice, eel, shrimp, salmon, herring,
squid, flounder, cod, plankton, smelt, anochovies, jellyfish and squid
are favorites. Pups drink milk from their mothers. An interesting fact is that if a harp seal pup eats, it's the teeth grow. If it does not eat the teeth do not grow. Harp seals babies have a silky, snow-white fur. The coat is harp trap in a certain way. Sure, it's beautiful and luxurious. But it is running in. The fur coat is beautiful and so much meat can harp seals have many enemies. Some are natural, like polar bears, killer whales and sharks. Some people, such as Inuit have a fair deal. They only hunt what they need. Most enemies his cheaters. They hunt illegally and using harp seal fur they do not need. Vision is his critical sense. His eye is relatively large and contains a large spherical lens, improving its ability to focus. The pupil is mobile to help adapt to the intense glare of the Arctic ice. The
retina is rod-dominated and supported by a cat-like and reflective
tapetum lucidum, increasing the sensitivity in low light. The rods best sense blue-green, while the cones to help with bright light and can what color discrimination. The cornea is constantly tear-stained, to protect against salt. In the absence of tear ducts, the "shouts" to remove his tears. Harp seals are highly migratory.
Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Superfamily: Pinnipedia Family: Phocidae Genus: Pagophilus Species: P. groenlandicus
Harp seal babies have white coat. They are called "white coats". If they are born, but they have a touch of yellow. They are called "Yellow Jackets" for about three days. White coats nurse for about twelve days. Harp seals are usually socially. If they are not social, they moult. When harp seals moult for about two weeks or older. They are called "Ragged Jackets" because they are a mix of fur and leather. When they are grown they are called "beaters" because they can not swim and 'beat' on the surface. When she was a year to three years old they are "Bedlamers". When they grow up and are old enough to be friends a strange habit. In mating season a male harp seal will dance to the best friend to get.
In the 1998 Canadian seal hunt 282,070 were slain. In Greenland, an estimated 400,000 deaths. And in the North Atlantic 500,000. There is a strong protest against the killing of seals. People find whitecoats and dyeing of fur. The coat is ruined, but the white coats are stored. Yet there is a high demand for Harp seals. There are many reasons as Harp seals are productive animals. Harp Seal oil is a clear, colorless and odorless oil used mainly for cooking. The guts can be used for sewing. Certain parts of the male Harp seals be sold to the Asian aphrodisiac market such as eather, fur and meat. In Russia, they paint the pure white coats and black hats sell. In one game there is video evidence of the seals are skinned, cut open, dragged with hooks while still alive. People want to save the white coats, because they convert into fantastic animals. In normal diving harp seals to come every five minutes to breathe. They can and will dive to a depth of 600 feet. and stay down thirty minutes.