Life of Sea | Scorpion Fish | A scorpion fish is a group of predatory fish, marine fish found in the coral reefs in shallow waters and in more temperate seas. The scorpion fish is most closely related to the lionfish and is most commonly found in the Indian and South Pacific oceans. There are more than 200 recognized species of scorpion fish, hiding among the coral sea and in artificial aquariums around the world. Scorpion fish kept in tanks by many people because of the attractive appearance and behavior.
Scorpion fish body is often covered in feathery fins that help the scorpion fish to camouflage itself into the surrounding rock. The color and markings of the scorpion fish are also used to help the scorpion fish to hide. Scorpion fish are predators night, and spent many hours during the day resting in a hidden gap in the reef. Scorpion fish are also able to ambush prey from this position and often catch small fish by surprise.
Scorpion fish are omnivorous fish and hunt small fish, crustaceans and snails on the coral reefs. Scorpion fish can stun their prey with venom before eating it. Scorpion fish also use their venomous sting to fend off unwanted predators. The scorpion fish is a very dominant predator in the neighborhood, and therefore scorpion fish has very few natural predators. Human scorpion fish to keep the tank is the biggest threat to the scorpion fish along with habitat loss from damage to coral reefs. Great fish and sea lions are also known to hunt scorpion fish.
Scorpion fish females release between 2,000 and 15,000 eggs into the water which are fertilized by the male scorpion fish. Couple scorpion fish then quickly hide so their eggs can float out to sea before being found by predators that eat the eggs. Scorpion fish eggs hatch in just 2 days and a small scorpion fish fry remain near the surface of the water until they are larger. When fried scorpion fish reached nearly an inch in length, they swim into the sea to join the coral community.