Life of Sea | Great Hammerhead Shark (Sphyrna mokarran) | This unique sharks are also known as Squat Headed or Hammerhead Shark. In wild, they are found in tropical and warm temperate waters worldwide, especially far offshore to depths of 300 m and in shallow coastal areas. You can find them in the Atlantic Ocean, all along the Indian Ocean, and in the Pacific Ocean. They migrate from poleward to cooler waters during the summer months.
Great hammerhead sharks are active predators. They have triangular and strongly serrated teeth. Great hammerhead sharks feed invertebrates such as crabs, lobsters, squid, and octopus, bony fishes such as tarpon, sardines, sea catfishes, toadfish, porgies, grunts, jacks, croakers, groupers, flatfishes, boxfishes, and porcupine fishes, and smaller sharks such as smoothhounds. For larger sharks, they will prey on juvenile.
Great hammerhead sharks are the largest among the hammerheads and can be as big as 20 feet or 6 meters in the length. Even they rarely attacks humans, they are still dangerous. In fact, Great hammerhead sharks are fished for its large fins, which are valuable on the Asian market as the main ingredient of shark fin soup. As a result, great hammerhead populations are declining around the world.
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