Life of Manta Ray


Life of Sea | Manta Ray (Manta birostris) | Manta ray is the largest and biggest species of the rays.  Manta rays swim both inshore and offshore in tropical seas. They are often near coral or rocky reefs. Manta ray is also called Atlantic manta, Pacific manta, Devil Fish, or just manta. The big time for divers when they see mantas performing their graceful somersaults. As they eat, these magnificent animals are usually alone or in small groups near the surface. In Thailand, you find them as Koh Bon, in Indonesia, Komodo and Irian Jaya, the Maldives, Myanmar and Blackrock in Kadavu in Fiji. 


Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Chordata
Class:     Chondrichthyes
Subclass:     Elasmobranchii
Order:     Myliobatiformes
Family:     Myliobatidae
Genus:     Manta, Bancroft, 1829
Species:     M. birostris

This ray is a different color. They can be black, gray-blue, to red-brown on the upper surface of their body cartilage. Sometimes the white shoulder patches and stains. The lower surface of their pectoral fins and body disc, it is almost white. Their different patterns of each individual to help us identify Manta rays. The pectoral fins of the manta rays are broad and big. She looks like having wings. It is also easy to recognize them by their paddle. It's like Cephalic lobes. The lobes are forwards from the front of the head. The size of their body is totally great and wide.
Interestingly, the Manta ray color pattern is different from their region. For example, from East Pacific mantas are often dark to mostly black lower surfaces. Of the western Pacific are typically snow white underneath. It is not difficult to recognize an adult Manta ray. But the young are somewhat difficult because of its similarity to Mobula rays. Can be distinguished by their mouths. Manta rays have terminal mouths where it is located in front of the head. In other side. Mobula rays have sub-terminal mouth. It is similar to other sharks, where the mouth is in their heads.

Manta rays have about 300 rows of tiny teeth. These teeth are not used for feeding. They are used for courtship and mating in the Manta rays. Microscopic plankton, small fish and small crustaceans are food for its Manta rays. By using two of their major lobes, they are in the food in their mouths. The predator of them large sharks such as Tiger shark. Manta rays are an active swimmer. They swim primarily in open water and near surface. Manta rays are very active during the daylight. But can they feed at night when there are a lot of planktons in the ocean.
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I am pleased for you to use my copyrighted manta ray image (first image above) but could you please e-mail me at confirming that you acknowledge my copyright and also place this following text
© next to my image. Thank you. Malcolm