Wednesday, October 5, 2011

Life of Irukandji Jellyfish

 Life of Sea | Irukandji Jellyfish (Carukia barnesi) | Irukandji jellyfish is a small and highly poisonous jellyfish found near Australia. Stabbing may cause Irukandji syndrome, and so this species is commonly known as Irukandji jellyfish, although this name can not be distinguished from other Irukandji jellyfish, like Malo Kingi. Unlike Box Jellyfish, Irukandji jellyfish are found mostly in the deeper waters of the reef, although they are swept along the coast by the prevailing currents. Divers and snorkelers are particularly at risk

Scientific classification
Kingdom:     Animalia
Phylum:     Cnidaria
Class:     Cubozoa
Order:     Carybdeida
Family:     Carybdeidae
Genus:     Carukia
Species:     C. barnesi

Each summer, more than sixty people are hospitalized with Irukandji syndrome,. The first stingof the jellyfish is usually not very painful. But about 5-45 (usually 30) minutes after a sting, the person begins to have a severe backache or headache and shooting pains in their muscles, chest and abdomen. They may also feel sick, anxious, restless and vomit. In rare cases, the victim suffers pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs), which can be fatal if not treated.
Irukandji jellyfish has a retractable tentacle, from 50 to 500 mm long, hanging from each of thefour corners of the bell. rukandji are tiny jellyfish with a bell about 5 millimeters to 10 mm wide and four long tentacles, varying in length from a few centimeters to 1 meter in length. The stingers in groups, as rings of tiny red dots around the ring and along the tentacles.  

Very little is known about the life cycle of Irukandji jellyfish and poison. This is partly because they are too small and fragile, requiring special treatment, and management. The poison is very powerful and 100 times as powerful as that of a cobra and 1000 times as powerful as that of a tarantula. Researchers suspect that the poison such a potential property to enable it to respond quickly to stun its prey, which consists of small and fast fish.

In January 2002, a tourist swimming near Hamilton Island in the Whitsundays died after being stung by a jellyfish. His death was reported by the press to be caused by an Irukandji jellyfish. The 58-year-old man had a pre-existing medical condition that made ​​a fatal stabbing jellyfish. He had a valve replaced and took warfare to thin his blood. After he was stung, his blood pressure increased, leading to a stroke that leads to his death.

The jellyfish that stung the man was not collected and its identity remains a mystery. As with most dangers, if the proper precautions and be aware of them, you can take steps to minimize the impact of the risk to a minimum and still enjoy all the wonderful beauty of the reef. The specialist dive operators in Cairns will take all necessary precautions to ensure a safe and rewarding da  on the reef.

1 comment:

  1. Very small and very dengerouse deadly jellyfish in world. This jellyfish killed more than 60 people in Australia in the past hundred years