Life of Sea | Gentoo Penguin | Gentoo penguin is a medium-sized species of penguin found on rocky islands in the sub-Antarctic Ocean. Gentoo penguins are most easily distinguished by the white "bonnet-like" marks on the top of their heads, and are most closely related to Adelie and chinstrap penguins that belong to the same group. Gentoo penguins breed on the islands many sub-Antarctic, with the major colonies are found in the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and Kerguelen Islands. Smaller population of gentoo penguins are also found on Macquarie Island, Heard Islands, South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula. Gentoo penguin breeding population is estimated to total more than 300,000 pairs.
However, the larger marine animals that also inhabit the frozen waters of the Antarctic Ocean will eat water-based birds, with leopard seals, sharks, killer whales and humans become the main predator gentoo penguin. On average, the gentoo penguin offspring once a year, usually forming couples remain faithful to each other. Gentoo penguin females lay two eggs which are incubated by both parents for more than a month in, when only one of the eggs will usually hatch.
Gentoo penguin chicks are fed and kept warm by their parents and remain with them until the chicks are about three months. Today, gentoo penguins are endangered animals closer because they are easily influenced by changes in the water, pollution and temperature. Gentoo penguin populations in some areas have also been depleted by human hunting.
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